Conservation has two methods of implementation i.e preventive conservation and curative conservation. To ensure safety and quality of a collection, the first method must always be given preference. This is because, this method does not require special skill or high cost but sufficient with responsible act and serious attention. The second method requires action by specialist and may require high cost to acquire special items that are not available in the country.
A conservation act by ensuring safety condition, environment and collection are in good condition and within control. Environmental monitoring is necessary to endure temperature, lighting, moisture level, radiation control and pollution are always monitored and controlled. In addition, good surrounding also protect collection from deteriorating due to chemical factor, physical and destroying agents.
Restoration and preservation are involved in this method. The activities involved are cleaning the surface with dry and wet method, treatment, relining, in painting, consolidation and others. These works are carried out in the conservation lab by trained personnel assisted by special equipments and facilities that are designed for different type of collection and art objects. Paper on Photo Conservation from ‘Man And his World’ 1972-73, Sulaiman Hj Esa, DR.
Provide damage report on paper print items. A piece of printed paper that has historical and legal value that is important to mankind will be protected and handles carefully. What more if it is an original document or one and only copy and become damage due to time, surrounding and storing factors.
When this happen, what can you do when you are not an expert to preserve items such as this? No worries or afraid although you are just an ordinary administration assistant or housewife or counsellor an so forth. These steps if taken will help the early stage of the restoration process before helps arrive.
Step 1 – Physical Inspection
Carry out physical inspection on the items. You can carefully inspect if there are signs of folding, missing pieces or torn. Other sign such as fungus and moulds must also be inspected. It is also important to determine the fragility of the paper in order to estimate if the items can withstand movement or handling.
Step 2 – Make Note
All damage to the items must be noted on paper. You can plan the type of note to ensure clarity when sharing the information with other people.
Step 3 – Making Sketches or Taking Photo
If you are good at sketching, it is a bonus if a sketch of the artefact can be made especially highlighting the area of damage. If a camera is available it is better to take picture of the damage.
Step 4 – Making mark or symbol on the damage areas
The sketches done must be given mark or symbol or note such as short description to represent each damage. If a printout is produced, it is good to attach a transparency on top of the picture so marks and note can be made on the transparency.
Step 5 – Storing
You can prepare a bigger envelope from mylar or mellanex to store the artefact. This type of material is acid free, clear and looks like cigarette paper. The quality however, is of higher grade. Store the artefact inside the envelope carefully. Keep it in safe place before sending it to an expert, together with the photo or sketches made.
Conservation of Photographs from ‘Man and His World’ 1972-73, Sulaiman Haji Esa, DR
MAN AND HIS WORLD
SULAIMAN HAJI ESA, DR
An installation work of art consisting of paper materials (print manuscripts, handwritings, and photographs), glass bottles, textiles, skins, and woods. For this treatment, focus on paper-based material, i.e. photos is completed. From the overall observation before the treatment, it was found that the photos artwork suffered damages to its surfaces due to stacking of this these photos with other artworks. On top of that, humidity also contributed to the problem.
To overcome this problem, three phases of treatment has been carried out: –
- Dry treatment to the artwork by applying rubber powder to its front and back.
- Wet treatment by applying ethanol to the surface.
- Strengthening treatment using tissue paper and carbon methyl celulosa (cmc).
Upon completion of the treatment, the artwork is capsulate and stored in special box free from acid.
Prepared by :
Musrizal Mat Isa